How to draw a rose, and learn about its characteristics.
Roses are flowering plants.
There are more than 100 species of rose. Some rose fossils found in the state of Colorado are 35 million years old. Human cultivation of roses began 2,500 years ago. It has since resulted in over 13 thousand varieties of roses. There are still many species of wild roses, living in all kinds of habitats.
Most species of wild rose have five petals and five sepals on each flower. Some cultivated roses have several more petals.
What we call thorns on the rose stem are actually strong, sharp prickles. They protect the rose plants from most herbivores (plant eaters). However, some deer species eat them anyway.
Other animals that eat and damage roses are aphids, spider mites, whiteflies, and scale insects. This is why you will often find ladybug beetles in rose bushes—they love to prey on these pests.
Most roses are deciduous, losing their leaves and flowers in cold months. Some, however, are evergreen, retaining green leaves all year.
The fruit of the rose is its hip, located just under the flower. Rose hips are rich in vitamin C, and are sometimes used in jams, tea, and medicine.